Mature personality

Written By bopuluh on Rabu, 06 Juli 2011 | 08.47

Mature personality is a positive label for people who are considered to attain them. Unfortunately, many people never think to be mature. In fact, mature personality is the measure of a healthy personality development.

Mature personality is defined differently by many people. This is reflected in some of the following opinions. Answering questions about the personality of a lecturer in a lecture in a faculty of psychology, there are students who interpret mature personality as a patient, not excessive in expressing emotion, and good at managing relationships with others.

There also are deciphering the ability to solve various problems of life wisely. Some students pointed to the ability to meet the developmental tasks of adulthood well, as has the work and philosophy of life is steady, stable mental condition, and so on.

This paper presents a more complete criteria of a mature personality of an elder who joined pioneering Psychology, namely Gordon W. Allport (1897-1967). Until now, his theories (about the healthy personality) remain relevant.

Here are the seven criteria of Allport about the specific qualities of a healthy personality.
1. Expansion of Personal Feelings
When a person matures, he develops the concerns outside of themselves. Not enough to simply interact with something or someone outside ourselves. More than that, he must have a direct and full participation, which by Allport called "authentic participation".

In Allport's view, the activity performed must be appropriate and important, or really meaningful to the person. If we think it's important work, doing his best work will make us feel good, and means that we become an authentic participant in the work. This will provide satisfaction for ourselves.

People who are more fully involved with various activities, people, or ideas, he is more psychologically healthy. This applies not only to work, but also relationships with family and friends, passion, and membership in a political, religious, and so on.

2. Social relations are Warm
Allport distinguished two kinds of warmth in relationships with others, namely the capacity to develop intimacy and to feel touched. Psychologically healthy people are able to develop intimate relationships with parents, children, spouses, and friends. This is the result of feelings of self-expansion and a growing sense of identity as well.

There is a difference love affair between the neurotic (not cooked) and a healthy personality (mature). People are neurotic need to receive love more than capable of it gives to others. If they give love, it was given with conditions. In fact, the love of a healthy person is unconditional, does not immobilize or bind.

Another type of warmth, the compassion, is the result of an understanding of basic human conditions and feelings of kinship with all nations. Healthy people have the capacity to understand the pain, suffering, fear and failure that is characteristic of human life.

Results from such empathy is the patience of the behavior of others and do not tend to prosecute or punish. Healthy people can accept human weakness, and knowing he also has drawbacks. In contrast, neurotic people can not afford to be patient and understand the universal nature of basic human experiences.

3. Emotional Security
The main quality of a healthy human being is self-acceptance. They accept all aspects of their existence, including weakness, with no surrender passively to these weaknesses. In addition, a healthy personality is not captured by their emotions, and not trying to hide from the emotions. They can control your emotions, so as not to interfere with interpersonal relationships. Control is not the way suppressed, but directed into more constructive channels.

Other qualities of a healthy personality is "looking forward to the disappointment". This shows how a person reacts to pressures and constraints of various desires or whim. They are able to think of different ways to achieve the same goal.

People who are healthy are not free from feelings of insecurity and fear. However, they do not feel threatened and can cope with these feelings is better than the neurotic.

4. Realistic Perceptions
Healthy people view the world objectively. In contrast, neurotic people often understand the reality tailored to your wants, needs, and their own fears. Healthy people do not believe that another person or situation at hand is evil or good according to personal prejudices. They understand the reality as it is.

5. Skills and Tasks
Allport emphasized the importance of work and the need to submerge themselves in the job. We need to have skills that are relevant to our work, and more than it should use the skills that are sincere and full of enthusiasm.

Commitment to healthy or mature person is so strong, so that could drown all ego defenses. Dedication to the work associated with a sense of responsibility and a positive survival.
Work and responsibility to give meaning and sense of continuity to life. May not reach maturity and psychological health without doing an important job and do it with dedication, commitment and skill.

6. Self understanding
Understanding oneself is a difficult task. It requires effort to understand ourselves throughout life objectively. To achieve an adequate understanding of self-understanding is required of him according to actual circumstances. If the figures themselves understood getting closer to the real situation, the individual is increasingly mature.

Likewise, what a person thinks about himself, when the closer (same) with the other people think about him, meaning he has matured. A healthy person is open to the opinions of others in formulating an objective picture of yourself.

People who have self teradap objectivity impossible to project the personal qualities to others (as others negative). He can judge others carefully, and he usually received well by others. He is also able to laugh at themselves through a healthy humor.

7. Philosophy of Life
A healthy person looking forward, driven by long-term goals and plans. He has a sense of purpose, sense of duty to work through to completion as a cornerstone of his life. Allport called impulses such as keterarahan (directness).

Keterarahan that guide all aspects of one's life toward a goal or series, as well as providing a reason for living. We need to pull the remains of a meaningful purpose. Without it we might have personality problems.

Framework of these objectives is the value, which together with the very important purpose in order to develop a philosophy of life. Having strong values ​​is one characteristic of a mature person. Neurotic people have no value or have value that fragmented and temporary, which is not strong enough to unify all aspects of life.

Conscience plays a role in determining the philosophy of life. Allport suggests the difference between a mature conscience with conscience is not ripe. Are not mature, his conscience as in childhood: and slavishly obedient, full of prohibitions and restrictions, are characterized by feelings of "should".

People who do not mature to say, "I have to behave like this." Conversely, a mature man said, "I should behave like this." A mature conscience is a sense of obligation and responsibility to themselves and others, and may be rooted in religious values ​​or ethical.

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